Epistasis Blog

From the Computational Genetics Laboratory at the University of Pennsylvania (www.epistasis.org)

Wednesday, January 02, 2019

Analysis validation has been neglected in the Age of Reproducibility

Our paper on the use of simulation to help improve analysis validation and results reproducibility.

Lotterhos KE, Moore JH, Stapleton AE. Analysis validation has been neglected in the Age of Reproducibility. PLoS Biol. 2018 Dec 10;16(12):e3000070. [PubMed] [PLoS Biology]

Abstract

Increasingly complex statistical models are being used for the analysis of biological data. Recent commentary has focused on the ability to compute the same outcome for a given dataset (reproducibility). We argue that a reproducible statistical analysis is not necessarily valid because of unique patterns of nonindependence in every biological dataset. We advocate that analyses should be evaluated with known-truth simulations that capture biological reality, a process we call "analysis validation." We review the process of validation and suggest criteria that a validation project should meet. We find that different fields of science have historically failed to meet all criteria, and we suggest ways to implement meaningful validation in training and practice.

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