Missing heritability and strategies for finding the underlying causes of common diseases
I participated in the following viewpoint piece in Nature Reviews Genetics. A number of good points are made by each author. I was hoping the piece would be a bit more controversial.
Evan E. Eichler, Jonathan Flint, Greg Gibson, Augustine Kong, Suzanne M. Leal, Jason H. Moore and Joseph H. Nadeau. Missing heritability and strategies for finding the underlying causes of common diseases. Nature Reviews Genetics 11, 446:450 (2010). [Nature] [PubMed]
Although recent genome-wide studies have provided valuable insights into the genetic basis of human disease, they have explained relatively little of the heritability of most complex traits, and the variants identified through these studies have small effect sizes. This has led to the important and hotly debated issue of where the ‘missing heritability’ of complex diseases might be found. Here, seven leading geneticists offer their opinion about where this heritability is likely to lie, what this could tell us about the underlying genetic architecture of common diseases and how this could inform research strategies for uncovering genetic risk factors.